Good Food Choices
A Healthy, "Balanced" Diet
The 4 Food Groups:
  Fruits & Vegetables
  Protein Foods
  Bread & Cereals
  Dairy Foods
Last but not least: WATER!
How does water help my body?
Can I drink sports drinks like Gatorade to help give me the minerals I have lost?
Why am I losing weight?
What's wasting?
How do I gain weight?
Are there any foods I should avoid?
What about taking vitamin and mineral pills?

Fruits and vegetables

This group includes salads, cooked vegetables, raw or cooked fruits, and juices. According to Canada’s Food Guide, you should eat 4 servings or more each day.

One serving could be any of the following:

  • a piece of fruit or raw vegetable
  • a half cup of cooked vegetable or fruit. (about the size of a scoop of ice cream)
  • a small glass of juice


General Rule:
The more colourful your plate, the more healthy your meal.

Vegetables make your immune system stronger so it can fight sickness. This is especially good for people with HIV because the immune system needs as much help as possible!


  1. If you are craving sugar all the time, eat carrots or sweet potatoes—they are good for satisfying this craving in a healthy way.
  2. If you get diarrhea easily, keep away from raw vegetables (and fruit). Try steaming them instead.

Fresh Fruit:

Fresh fruits also help build up your immune system to fight sickness.


  1. Fruits can be eaten as snacks. But, since fruit is very high in sugar don’t go overboard—especially watch fruits like bananas.
  2. If you get yeast infections like thrush or candida, try not to drink fruit juices full strength. This is because fruit juices have a lot of sugar and that encourages yeast to grow in the digestive system. Instead, try diluting fruit juice with water
  3. Make sure that you wash all raw fruits and vegetables very well.

Hospital for Sick Children University of Toronto Positive Youth Outreach CATIE